The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)

Institution

The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) is a specialized United Nations agency established by states in 1944 to manage and administer the International Civil Aviation Convention.

ICAO works with the 193 States Parties to the Convention and industry groups to build consensus on standards and recommended practices (SARP) and international civil aviation policies that provide the basis for a safe and efficient civil aviation sector that is economically sustainable and environmentally responsible. These SARPs and policies are used by ICAO Member States to ensure that their local civil aviation operations and regulations comply with global standards, allowing the global air transport network to operate more than 100,000 flights per day, safely and effectively in all regions of the world.

In addition to its main efforts to build consensus between its Member States and industry on SARP and international policies, and in parallel with many other programmes and priorities, ICAO: coordinates assistance and capacity building for States in support of many aviation development objectives; produces global plans to coordinate multilateral strategic progress in the areas of air navigation and safety; monitors and reports on numerous air transport sector performance measures; and conducts audits of States’ civil aviation oversight capabilities in the areas of safety and security.

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